Ginger

Product

Ginger or ginger root is the rhizome of the plant (Zingiber officinale), consumed as a delicacy, medicine, or spice. It lends its name to its genus and family (Zingiberaceae).

Ginger produces a hot, fragrant kitchen spice. Young ginger rhizomes are juicy and fleshy with a very mild taste. They are often pickled in vinegar or sherry as a snack or just cooked as an ingredient in many dishes. They can also be steeped in boiling water to make ginger tea, to which honey is often added. Ginger can also be made into candy, or ginger wine which has been made commercially since 1740.
Mature ginger rhizomes are fibrous and nearly dry. The juice from old ginger roots is extremely potent and is often used as a spice in Indian recipes, and is a quintessential ingredient of Chinese, Korean, Japanese and many South Asian cuisines for flavoring dishes such as seafood or goat meat and vegetarian cuisine.
Ginger acts as a useful food preservative.
Ginger, a popular spice in culinary preparation, grows at an altitude of 600 to 1600 meters from the sea level. Due to favorable climatic conditions and increased demand in domestic and export market, Ginger farming has gained popularity among farmers in mid hills on Nepal. Ginger has emerged as a potential agriculture export produce to India in recent years. Ilam, Pancthar, Terhathum, Kavre Palanchowk, Palpa, Nawalparasi, Tanahu, Kaski, Dang, Sallyan, and Phyuthan are the top districts in ginger production in Nepal.
 

Global Trade Overview:

World Import characteristics:

List of importers for the Ginger product in 2012 
Product : 091010 Ginger
Importers Trade Indicators
Value imported in 2012 (USD thousand) Quantity imported in 2012 (Tons) Unit value (USD/unit) Annual growth in value between 2008-2012 (%) Annual growth in quantity between 2008-2012 (%) Annual growth in value between 2011-2012 (%) Share in world imports (%)
World 516745 609137 848 11 8 -24 100
Japan 102832 71721 1434 4 -4 -17 19.9
USA 53025 56162 944 8 8 -22 10.3
Netherlands 36331 34900 1041 17 19 -20 7
Germany 32689 12134 2694 29 24 -14 6.3
Bangladesh 23244 62851 370 11 28 -32 4.5
Pakistan 22042 47193 467 -2 -5 -57 4.3
UK 19709 19252 1024 0 1 -31 3.8
Malaysia 19116 44128 433 6 11 -29 3.7
Indonesia 16704 22885 730 278 278 1 3.2
UAE 16393 30360 540 8 8 -41 3.2
Russian Federation 15309 5334 2870 60 45 73 3
India 14699 48715 302 0 -4 3 2.8
Saudi Arabia 13811 27641 500 8 10 -43 2.7
Sudan 11285 6461 1747 43 0 -35 2.2
Canada 10334 12757 810 3 6 -23 2
Sources: ITC calculations based on UN COMTRADE statistics.
The product code 091010 has been removed from the 2012 HS revision

The world trade trained of 2012 shows that there is a growth of 11% on the value of ginger and 8% growth in the quantity during the five year trade. Though there is a decline in the value by 24% in 2011-2012 year trade.

Above table drawn from TIC shows that Japan was the largest importer in 2012 with 19.9% import share. USA, Netherlands, Germany, Bangladesh, Pakistan were other major importer of Ginger. India was listed on 12th position with 2.8% import share.

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Russian Federation, Germany, Sudan, Japan and Netherlands are the countries who are paying prime price for Ginger. Indonesia is most growing market for Ginger in terms of Price and Quantity as well. India is paying ($302) much less than that of world ($848) and its market has been reduced by 4% during 2008-2012 and the price has not been changed, but in 2011-012 its value has been appreciated by 3%. There are altogether 131 Exporting countries in the world.

World Export Characteristics:

List of exporters for the selected product in 2012 
Product : 091010 Ginger
Exporters Trade Indicators
Value exported in 2012 (USD thousand) Quantity exported in 2012 (Tons) Unit value (USD/unit) Annual growth in value between 2008-2012 (%) Annual growth in quantity between 2008-2012 (%) Annual growth in value between 2011-2012 (%) Share in world exports (%)
World 460020 632693 727 12 10 -29 100
China 261603 448001 584 8 13 -36 56.9
India 42919 32822 1308 55 49 -22 9.3
Netherlands 37722 30095 1253  15 23 -2 8.2
Thailand 21882 27655 791 -3 -13 -18 4.8
Ethiopia 16738 10354 1617 38 -4 -29 3.6
Nigeria 16522 6708 2463 39 4 -24 3.6
Nepal 10832 46533 233 4 -1 84 2.4
Germany 6279 1671 3758 25 23 -15 1.4
Viet Nam 4679 3003 1558 23 9 -3 1
Lithuania 4039 3317 1218 57 72 -6 0.9
Sources : ITC calculations based on UN COMTRADE statistics.
The product code 091010 has been removed from the 2012 HS revision
 
This is reported that the world Ginger market is growing at a speed of 10% annually during 2008-2012 in terms of quantity. The price of Ginger is also growing at 12% per annum, but it is reported that in the year 2011-2012 the price has fallen by 29%. Price of ginger in this period has decreased but the price of Nepalese Ginger has been appraised by 84% though the market in terms of Quantity has been decreased by 1%. It is seen that Nepal is charging very less ($233) per ton than the world average ($727). Lithuania, India, Nigeria, Ethiopia and Peru are some countries who have gained the market in terms of quantity though they all have loosened in terms of price. In the trade Indicator of ITC 2013, Nepal has been listed on 7th position for ginger export.
The world is paying prime price for Germany's ($3758), UK's ($3450) and Nigerian Ginger ($2468). Nepalese ginger is the cheapest ginger in the world.
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List of Ginger exporters on the basis of Value:

List of exporters for Ginger on the basis of Value
Product : 091010 Ginger
Exporters Exported value in 2008 Exported value in 2009 Exported value in 2010 Exported value in 2011 Exported value in 2012
World 583544 411951 660561 665359 80341
India 10520 11499 23876 55246 42919
Ethiopia 6237 6599 20581 23647 16738
Nepal   5211 4593 4839 10832
Chinese Taipei 4574 2823 3266 5373 3756
Nigeria 11420  12861 48420 40031 2832
Malaysia 1611 1434 1255 1467 1175
Unit : US Dollar thousand
Sources : ITC calculations based on UN COMTRADE statistics.
The product code 091010 has been removed from the 2012 HS revision

If we consider the amount of the value received by the exporting country, India is the largest Exporter in the world. In year 2012 India has exported ginger worth $ 42.91 Million. Ethiopia and Nepal are listed thereafter. In this year Nepal has exported ginger worth $10.83 Million.

List of Ginger exporters on the basis of Quantity:

List of Ginger exporters on the basis of Quantity
Product : 091010 Ginger
Exporters 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Exported quantity, Tons Exported quantity, Tons Exported quantity, Tons Exported quantity, Tons Exported quantity, Tons
World 2194652 494563 458628 554959 97323
Nepal   26724 18262 17215 46533
India 8308 8342 13555 29747 32822
Ethiopia 10396 10752 10268 7220 10354
Nigeria 7322 7364 23563 11280 1954
Chinese Taipei 2022 1333 1523 2103 1580
Malaysia 2159 2257 1646 2012 1578
Viet Nam 1486 1357 1877 2196 869
Sources : ITC calculations based on UN COMTRADE statistics.
The product code 091010 has been removed from the 2012 HS revision

If we consider quantity, Nepalese ginger export is placed in first position with 46.53 thousand tons in the year 2012. India is second with 32.82 thousand tons and Ethiopia, Nigeria, Chinese Taipei, Malaysia are then after.

Nepal's Export Performance:

 
 
List of Importing Markets for Ginger Exported by Nepal 
Product : 091010 Ginger
World
2009 2010 2011 2012
34265.649 18261.86 17215.038 52734.527
India 34205.434 17933.822 17149.013 52691.228
Bangladesh 50 225 22 33
Belgium 10 0 0 0
U.S.A. 0.215 0 0 0
Japan 0 95.038 41.465 10.256
Sri Lanka 0 8 0 0
Germany 0 0 0.06 0
China P. R. 0 0 0 0.043
UAE 0 0 2.5 0
Quantity, Ton
Source: TEPC, 2013
The product code 091010 has been removed from the 2012 HS revision                                                   
 
Nepal's export in general seems fluctuating in the years, in year 2012, the ITC data shows; it has exported about 46533 Tons, though the data of TEPC shows it was 52734.527 Tons. This is the highest quantity exported by any country in the year.
Nepal's trade is highly concentrated with India with around 99% of the export. Its other major partners are Japan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka.

 

Attractive Market for Nepalese Ginger:

 

Target Country  World Import Market Share (%)  Unit Value Annual Growth Rate in value Annual Growth Rate in Quantity Doing Business Index Country Risk for Doing Business Tariff applied Market Scan Rank
SN World 100% 844 11 8 - - - -
1 USA 10.3 944 8 8 4 A2 MFN, GSP 11.389
2 Germany 6.4 2694 29 24 18 A2 MFN 11.306
3 Japan 20.1 1434 4 -4 20 A1 MFN, GSP, Preferential to LDC 10.750
4 Netherland 6.4 981 17 26 34 A3 MFN 10.639
5 UK 3.8 1024 0 1 6 A3 MFN 10.500
6 Lithuania 0.8 1221 49 64 26 A4 MFN 9.639
7 Malaysia 3.7 433 6 11 14 A2 MFN 9.472
8 Poland 0.7 1793 31 29 74 A3 MFN 9.306
9 Spain 1.2 1612 29 26 42 B MFN 9.194
10 France 1.4 1747 13 7 32 A3 MFN 9.083
 
The above Market Scan table is generated on the basis of different trade indicators. It includes Import of the country, Price it is paying, growth in the price over the years, size of the market and the market growth rate, Market dynamism in terms of world (ITC Trade Map), World Bank's doing business index, COFACE Country risk indicator, availability of Diaspora in the country (IOM), Distance and the applied tariff and tariff rate (ITC Mac Map).
This table shows that USA should be the first choice to export the Ginger. Germany, Japan, Netherland, United Kingdom, Lithuania are other are attractive markets.
India is listed on 13th position as; it is paying significantly less ($302) than the world ($844), Bangladesh is on the 16th position as this country is also paying very low ($370) and it is also charging 8.5% (average) tariff to Nepalese ginger.
 

Export requirements

For detailed export requirements of Nepalese Ginger, please click above link.