Assessment and Implementation of Action Activities:

Executive Summary:

Go International Project is a three year pilot project funded by the European Union (EU) for enhancing trade capacity and internationalization of Nepalese products. The project is being implemented since January 1, 2013 by Confederation of Nepalese Industries(CNI) as a lead agency and World Vision Advocacy Forum (WVAF) as a national partner and Centric Austria international (CAI) as an international partner. The project is implemented in selected five districts/regions viz. Jhapa from Eastern Development Region (EDR), Parsa from Central Development Region (CDR), Rupendehi from Western Development Region (WDR), Banke from Mid-Western Development Region (M-WDR) and Kanchanpur from Far-Western Development Region (F-WDR). 
CNI as a lead is responsible for overall coordination, management, administration, reporting and implementation of the project activities in the districts. It will also support traders in strengthening their trade capacities and building strong networks for collectively working with government agencies, local authorities and other stakeholders towards creating a business-enabling environment and continuously lobby for better investment-friendly environment and policies through advocacy and dialogue.
Similarly, Centric Austria International(CAI), founded as the Centre for Environmental Training and International Consulting in November 1997, as a registered not-for-profit association according to Austrian law, is international partner with the support from CNI and WVAF, is involved in strengthening the "Export Service Information (ESI) Portal: Invest Nepal" by adding content on acquiring, maintaining, managing and delivering export related information to all interested private and public sector stakeholders. CAI is also engaged in building and strengthening the capacities of CNI, WVAF and SDCs' staff in order to transfer technical knowledge and skills in the areas of internationalization of Nepalese goods with fulfilling the criteria for international market standard.
Lastly, World Vision Advocacy Forum (WVAF), a premium national NGOs, as the national partner  long working experience in empowering and building the capacity of women, youth and other vulnerable groups, is involved in adding values in ensuring strong participation  of women, youths and vulnerable groups in all project activities. These groups are receiving and will receive support for increased income and employment generation opportunities contributing towards the ultimate goal of inclusive economic growth. 
This is narrative report prepared by CNI in consultation with CAI and WVAF which covers all the planned activities implemented by CNI, CAI and  WVAF Nepal, covering the period from January to December, 2013.

Background/Short Description of the Project:

This, Go International Project (GIP) has been prepared to support the Nepal Trade Integration Strategy (NTIS-2010) in line with the Trade Facilitation and Economic Capacity Building Sector of EU Nepal Country Strategy Paper (2007-2013) for improving trade and export opportunities on identified goods and services for inclusive economic growth and employment generation in Nepal through the creation of a business enabling environment. 
Based on NTIS-2010, the project has identified ten (10) products namely Tea in Ilam and Cardamom in Panchthar from EDR, Silver Jewellery in Lalitpur and Pashmina in Kathmandu from CDR,  Ginger in Palpa and Tourism in Rupandehi from WDR, Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (MAPs) in Jumla and Lentil in Banke from M-WDR and Handmade Paper in Dadeldhura and Woollen Products in Darchula from F-WDR respectively for enhancing export trading capacities of SMEs, Retailers, Wholesalers and Trade and Business associations. These products have high export potential, however Nepal has not been able to tap this into the potential market for its inclusive economic growth through international trading.
Some of the identified trading challenges have been: (i) poor export market mechanism (ii) poor supply chain mechanism (iii) non-tariff barriers (iv) lack of favourable regulatory and business environment (v) lack of access to information and technical know-how of producers and traders (vi) inadequate capacity of trade and business associations (vii) lack of Business Development Service (BDS) and good Value Chain Development (VCD) mechanism, and (viii) inadequate trade negotiation capacities. Lack of coordinated efforts among policy makers, government agencies, local authorities and the private sector has further impeded the initiatives taken so far for trade improvement in Nepal. 
To address all the above challenges and in order to boost export trade, the Service Development Centre (SDCs) have been established for mobilising producers and traders of different development regions.  Through these SDCs, beneficiaries are in position to access to information and technical know-how, capacitate and strengthen their technical capacities and foster good coordination among the private sector and government agencies through Public-Private Partnership (PPP) modality.

Overall Objective of the project:

To contribute towards the overall business enabling environment to capitalize on trade and export market opportunities for inclusive economic growth and employment generation through capacity strengthening of small and medium sized producers
Specific Objective of the project:
  • Developing the capacity of trade and business associations to enhance the production, logistics, marketing and export capacity of small and medium-sized producers
  • Establishment of regional Services Development Centres (SDCs) for Trade Advisory Services (TAS) and Business Development Services (BDS) including information sharing, networking, exchange of good practices and trade business opportunities
In order to achieve the above objectives, the project will deliver the following results:

Result (1): Establishment of SDCs and their functioning in the five districts of each Region.

Result (2): Export Services Information (ESI) portal installed for both Nepali exporters and international importers, hosted and maintained centrally by CNI secretariat.

Result (3): 100 business plans developed for women, vulnerable groups, youth would-be entrepreneurs.

Result (4): Export business plans for 250 SMEs finalised and assisted with market links.

Result (5): "One district-One product" concept sensitization through campaigns enforced in ten districts of five (5) regions.


Go International Project (GIP) undertook all planned activities to attain all five (5) results and will continue some of the activities in second and third year as well. To carry all these activities, management and facilitation is pre-requisite and is crucial for the smooth implementation of project activities which is a part of capacity building process of CNI, partners and beneficiaries. Under management and facilitation, five (5) activities were carried which are given below:

Management and Facilitation:

Under this, six (6) major activities were carried successfully which are mentioned below:

Activity 1. Office Establishment And Recruitment

CNI as lead agency, it first established its office as Central Project Implementation Unit (CPIU) within the premise of CNI secretariat with all required facilities for successful running of the project. So on behalf of Go International Project (GIP), first CNI advertised for hiring project staffs and  recruited 3 staffs - Project Coordinator, Finance Manager and Information Portal Officer based in central office and, five (5) Service Development Centre (SDC) Managers were recruited effective from 2nd quarter who are based in project districts in 5 development regions. CNI Director General contributed and will contribute 20% of his time for the whole project period. 
Partner CAI appointed two (2) staffs with 7.5% time allotted to the project as Project Manager and Senior Business Administration Expert.
Similarly, partner NGO-WVAF also recruited 6 administrative as well as radio program staffs for the smooth operation of the project activities with the provision of 20% time allotted by Executive Director and Trade Capacity Enhancement Expert.
Similarly, a tripartite agreement among the 3 partners namely CNI, CAI and WVAF was signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) which explicitly elaborates the roles and responsibility of each for the implementation and management of project activities.

Activity 2. Establish Central Project Implementation Unit (CPIU)

Within the CNI secretariat,  Central Project Implementation Unit (CPIU) connecting 5 development regions' Service Development Centre (SDC) established under the premise of CNI local chapters in 5 development regions namely as Jhapa, Birtamode from Eastern Development Region (EDR), Parsa, Birgunj from Central Development Region (CDR), Rupandehi, Butwal from Western Development Region (WDR), Banke, Nepalgunj from Mid-Western Development Region (MWDR) and Kanchanpur, Mahendranagar from Far-western Development Region (FWDR). All the offices set-ups are connected with e-mail, internet, fax and telephone including printing and photo copying facilities.

Activity 3. Establish linkages with key stakeholders

After the establishment of CPIU and SDCs in the regions, first and foremost things was done in establishing linkages with key stakeholders. At the central level, Project Coordinator made contact with relevant ministries - Ministry of Industry (MoI), Ministry of Commerce and Supplies (MoCS), Ministry of Finance (MoF) and Ministry of Agriculture Development (MoAD). Also project working relation has been established with different commodity associations relevant to the project namely Nepal Pashmina Industry Association (NPIA), Federation of Handicraft Association of Nepal (FHAN) and Federation of Women Entrepreneurs Association of Nepal (FWEAN) and Trade and Export Promotion (TEPC). A functional relation have been established with Federation of Women Entrepreneurs' Association of Nepal (FWEAN) for the inclusion of gender issues in export trade and internationalization of women-entrepreneurs products. FWEAN has strong network spread all over Nepal, who are also acting our district-based partners in advocacy and lobbying.
Project also linked with traders and media groups interested in economic and businesses contributing to share and communicate related issues to inclusive Economic Growth agenda addressing the overall goal of the country in poverty reduction.

Activity 4. Functional PSC and SDC-CC

Formation of Project Steering Committee (PSC) and SDC-Coordination Committee (SDC) and regular meetings for strengthening coordination among Government line ministries, local authorities and private sector:
During first quarter of the year, a nine member Project Steering Committee(PSC) was formed under the leadership of CNI Vice President as Convener, comprising of the representatives from Ministry of Finance (MoF), Ministry of Commerce and Supplies (MoCS), Ministry of Industry (MoI), Ministry of Agriculture Development (MoAD), Federation of Small and Medium Enterprises of Nepal (FSMEN), WVAF President, CAI representative in absentia, CNI Director General and Project Coordinator as member secretary. PSC meetings were conducted quarterly to discuss and endorse the Annual Action Plan and Report (AAPR), and to provide necessary policy feedback and strategic guidelines for effective implementation of the project. The Project Coordinator presented the progress reports and AAPR to the PSC members and coordinates for all the activities. 
The PSC provided opportunities for strengthening the coordination mechanism between government agencies and private sectors, for sharing issues and problems in enhancing the country's export business and to take collective action for improvement and consolidation of the Public - Private Partnership (PPP). 
So far planned four (4) PSC meeting, it was conducted timely and also one (1) key stakeholders meeting planned at the central level was done in time. Similarly, out of 15 planned stakeholders meetings, ten (10) was conducted by different SDCs and also fifteen (15) planned SDC Coordination Committee (SDC-CC) regular meetings only thirteen (13) was done by SDC Managers. There was deviation in conducting both the meetings which is due to frequent strike, natural calamities, timely unavailability of traders and businessmen, business and political uncertainties hampered to assemble and attend the meeting  and come up with new thoughts for the improvement of trade related to the project. 
Appropriate line agencies like agriculture and forest, custom, cottage and small industries, business cooperative, commodity associations, media (newspaper, FM radio and TV) and small business/producers groups are included in the SDC-CC and stakeholder meetings.  
Reason for modification or delay: There was no modification and delay but deviation in conducting  this activity due to changing business and political climate, calamities and business uncertainties to local context of the respective regions.

Activity 5. Visibility

Produce and circulate visibility material like stickers and brochures:
During the first year necessary logos, sticker, banners, hoarding board and brochures were produced and distributed to all SDCs so as to ensure the EU visibility standard and norms with prior consultation with EU Communication Manager. SDCs have well ensured the EU visibility in the events like, stakeholders meeting, SDC-CC meetings, and other project activities which further raised the awareness of specific or general audiences of the reasons. All SDCs have ensured EU visibility through briefings, written material, press conferences, presentations, invitations, signs, commemorative plaques and all other tools used to highlight EU participation.

Activity 6. Regular Auditing

Carry out annual audit of project finance:
As per the provision made in the contract agreement between funding agency and implementing agency, CNI in 4th quarter has initiated expenditure verification of Go International Project. For this purpose, our official auditor (J. Santosh Co.) as provisioned in the original contract had carried out auditing of all expenditures. Special Terms of Reference (ToR) were developed applicable to carry auditing of the project within the framework set in the original contract. The expenditure verification report has been submitted herewith along with this narrative report. 
Reason for modification or delay: Some delay in this activity occurred due to constituent Assembly Election and pre-occupied work plan of the auditing firm.


Result - 1: Functional SDCs

SDCs Established And Functioning In The Five Districts

Activity 1. Establishment of Services Development Centres (SDCs) 

Project team in the second quarter of the year first developed Terms of Reference (ToR) and successfully recruited appropriate SDC Managers and established SDCs in the five districts of each region viz., Jhapa - Birtamode from Eastern Development Region, Parsa- Birgunj from Central Development Region, Rupandehi- Butwal from Western Development Region, Banke- Nepalgunj from Mid-western Development Region and Kanchanpur- Mahendranagar from Far-western Development Region. These SDCs are well-equipped with computer, e-mail, internet, fax, phone, printing and photo copying facilities. This is part of capacity building process of CNI local chapters to enhance trade and business skills and linkages.
The project districts have been selected based on accessibility, economic viability, and pre-existence of regional business hub and cross border connectivity.  
Further, project has also monitored the office set-up, met/interacted with SDC-Coordination Committee members, met and visited various district based government and non-government stakeholders in the districts to brief them about the project and partner’s role and activities in the project and explore areas of possible collaboration for future smooth project activities implementation. 
SDCs are working directly with associations such as district based commodity associations and primary cooperatives: Tea Producers Cooperative of Kanyam in Ilam and District Cardamom Associations of Panchthar in Eastern region, Lalitpur Handicraft Association in Lalitpur and Nepal Pashmina Industry Association in Kathmandu of Central region, Travel and Tours Association of Rupendehi and Ginger Cooperative Association in Palpa of Western region, Lentil Growing Cooperative of Betahani VDC of Banke and Jadibuti Association of Nepal (JABAN) in Mid-Western region, and Banana Handmade Paper groups of Kanchanpur in consultation with Handmade Groups of Dadheldhura and Woollen Producers and Traders of  Darchula from Far-Western region. These selected partners serve as model cluster for  production and marketing of relevant commodities which finally reaches to be used by  international consumers. 
SDCs have been coordinating and facilitating meetings, discussions, studies, workshops, business information and trainings conducted by the three implementing partners (CNI, CAI and WVAF). SDCs are providing technical assistance on how to overcome constraints and upscale trading activities through various means to local producers, businesspersons and traders. Five (5) SDC Managers are in close contact and acting as bridge between central and local actors of district and village level. 
Reason for modification or delay: 
On view of the trade flow of certain commodity in 2 districts and as per the recommendation made  by the base line study, some modifications have been made which are as follows:
  • Changed from Sindhupalchwok to Palpa for Ginger product
  • Changed from Kaski to Kathmandu for Pashmina product

Activity 2. Baseline Study

Baseline study on constraints and challenges faced by business people, associations and traders:
The Project has conducted a baseline study during 2nd quarter of the year 1st to analyse and address relevant constraints and challenges faced by business people, associations and traders on the identified products and sectors in the five regions.  Trainings will be tailored based on the outcomes of the study to enhance capacity to exploit available business opportunities and ensure that relevant services are made available. The Project hired external consultants to conduct the studies in all  project districts. The outcome of the study has been shared among key stakeholders. The baseline study has been a benchmark for assessing the effectiveness of project interventions in terms of increasing export business in identified sectors. One of the identified constraints for export promotion of identified products is short supply followed by weak business relation and market information (For detail, hard and soft copy of the baseline report is available).
Reason for modification or delay:
  • There was no modification and little delay in this activity due to flooding in the Far-West region.

Activity 3. Capacity Building Training

Capacity building training to the staff of CNI, WVAF and the SDCs to strengthen small and medium sized producers, entrepreneurs on production, logistics, marketing and export capacity:
During early 2nd quarter of the year, a five-day training for 20 participants from the CNI, WVAF and the SDCs was conducted by CAI to increase capacity and strengthen SME producers, and entrepreneurs on production, logistics, marketing and export capacity. The training ensured project staff and board members of CNI and WVAF to enhance the capacity, and kept well informed in the Action implementation in a timely manner.  
The knowledge and skills obtained through this training was shared with the regions and other organisations such as product associations, primary cooperatives and producer groups to enhance their export business capacity. Also it helped in developing human resources at the central and local levels and mobilise these resources whenever necessary.
This training has also identified and discussed on the some key aspect of the following:
  • SDCs - Preparation for Internationalization
  • Comparison between core competences of SDCs Management Vs. Internal Know-how
  • Identification of  SDC´s Customers
  • Economic, political and social challenges
  • Setting vision, mission, strategies and goal of SDCs
  • Selection of key stakeholders
  • Identification of services and point of action for SDCs
  • Preparation of action plan for the future
Reason for modification or delay:
  • There was no modification and delay in this activity.

Result - 2: Information Portal

Export Service Information (ESI) Portal Installed For Both Nepali Exporters And International Importers Hosted And Maintained Centrally By CNI Secretariat

Activity 1. Portal Development

Development and integration of Export Service Information (ESI) into Information Portal: Invest Nepal
The project has developed and operationalized Export Service Information (ESI) Portal named of the project, in the interest of both Nepali exporters and international importers. Technical support has been provided through CAI in improving the quality of information portal. The ESI was developed using hired consultants of Information Technology (IT) company in a competitive process among the competent companies available in Nepal and has been integrated into the CNI managed, government owned Information Portal: Invest Nepal.
Information is made easily accessible for interested national exporters and international importers. An efficient and reliable bottom up/top down information feed-in mechanism has been developed for which an Information Portal Development Officer is handling at CNI secretariat. SDCs will be facilitating information portal access for the target groups in the 2nd year onwards and will also inform to final beneficiaries of the respective development regions. 
CAI is currently involved in linking marketing of the Nepalese products through this portal in Europe. This website is still updating the databases and information related to products and traders, and is expected to fully operationalized by end of February 2014 to every common users.

Activity 2. Update Export Services Information portal

The Information Portal Development Officer in close coordination with all SDCs, commodity associations, and the relevant government agencies are inputting and updating information on a regular basis. CAI is regularly assisting in monitoring the effective functioning of ESI and ensures feedback for improvement. The updated export services information are also shared on a regular basis with all interested SMEs, business entrepreneurs and traders in the districts through the SDCs. 
Reason for modification or delay:
  • There was no modification and delay in this activity

Activity 3. WTO Guidebook

Development of guidelines on technical standards requirements under WTO, "Code of Good Practice for Preparation, Adoption and Application of Standards", regional and bilateral arrangements:
CNI is working on the development of guidelines on technical standards requirements under WTO, regional and bilateral arrangements, and the Code of Good Practice for Preparation, Adoption and Application of Standards in close coordination with CAI, WVAF, government agencies and private sectors. A consultant has been hired for a period of 20 days to develop the guidelines in Year 1 of the project. A total of 2,000 copies of the guideline is planned to be printed and widely distributed and will also be made available electronically.
This study has been coordinated with Ministry of Agriculture Development, World Trade Organization (WTO) Section which is going to establish a "WTO Study Centre", an academic centre of excellence to champion the issues of WTO applicable to Nepalese context. This guidebook explains WTO's objectives, obligation to members countries, provision of different agreements and criteria to be  fulfilled by member countries while exporting to international markets. This is the first of its own kind being published in plain Nepali language which will serve a resource book to the producers, processors, exporters and policy makers in brief.
Reason for modification or delay:
There was some delay in this activity due to unavailability of appropriate resource person, major Nepalese festivals during study period, shaky political situations and constituents assembly  election in the country. This was also delayed due to the interest shown by government officials to make it useful booklet with the avoidance of resource use duplication for the same purpose.

Result-3: Business Plans

Hundred (100) Business Plans Developed For Women And Youth Would-Be Entrepreneurs
Under this result, one activity was carried which is very much crucial because of its bases for the training and other services to be delivered for coming two years.

Activity 1. Training Needs Assessment

Conduct sector wide training needs assessment (TNA) to identify 10 potential sectors: 
WVAF staffs during the third and last quarter of year 1, remained engaged in preparatory and execution works for conducting sector wide training needs assessment to identify district based potential beneficiaries and their needs in project's identified 10 commodities. The main activities WVAF staffs carried out to implement this activity were exploration of potential consultants, conduction of meeting with stakeholders like FNCCI and government concerned agencies to explore potential consultant, development and finalization of Terms of Reference (ToR), identification of potential consultants and conduction of series of meetings. The agreement was done with the consultants having background in agriculture and agribusiness because most of the selected commodities fall under agriculture trade who ultimately can link with export and trade agencies of government agencies in the future as well. The main objective of the Training Needs Assessment was to assess and find out the sector specific and beneficiary specific training need to identify the training package 
The method adopted in Training Needs Assessment was through field visit, Focus Group Discussion (FGD), Key Informant Interview (KII), Expert Advice, Export Market Trend and sector specific constraints and opportunities identified during baseline study. Some of the key issues identified during interactive field visit was recorded live and broadcasted through the weekly radio program for better sharing with large number of target beneficiaries.
The TNA report produced will be shared among relevant stakeholders and develop training packages, which will be a basis for long term interactive workshop, training, discussion ultimately leading to 100 business plans development and 250 export business plan development contributing to link with international market. This will be the ultimate result to link with financing agencies, technical service providers and international market linkage. The final beneficiaries will own and build on it contributing in the inclusive economic growth with the participation of vulnerable and excluded groups in Nepalese economy.
Reason for modification or delay:
  • Due to festival holidays and Constituent Assembly election, field surveys for the TNA became 2 month delayed.

Result-4: Export Business Plans

Export Business Plans For 250 SMEs Finalized And Assisted With Market Links

Activity 1. Supporting SMEs

Support to local small and medium sized producers, trade and business associations to enhance capacity to exploit available business opportunities:

Each of SDCs has identified local small and medium entrepreneurs in their respective region with their respective commodities. These are selected based on a Cluster Approach as model to adopt while rendering services to the selected enterprises. The potential services would be trainings, business information, local level constraints and potential business opportunities in the local areas. The selected SMEs and commodity associations are as follows: 
  • Tea Producers Cooperative of Kanyam in Ilam 
  • District Cardamom Associations of Panchthar in Eastern region, 
  • Lalitpur Handicraft Association in Lalitpur and 
  • Nepal Pashmina Industry Association in Kathmandu of Central region, 
  • Travel and Tours Association of Rupendehi and 
  • Ginger Cooperative Association in Palpa of Western region, 
  • Lentil Growing Cooperative of Betahani VDC of Banke and 
  • Jadibuti Association of Nepal (JABAN) in Mid-Western region, and 
  • Banana Handmade Paper groups of Kanchanpur in consultation with Handmade Groups of Dadheldhura and 
  • Woollen Producers and Traders of  Darchula from Far-Western region
To begin with, these selected associations, cooperatives and groups will serve as learning model of SMEs for the implementation of project activities in the coming 2 years.
Reason for modification and delay:
  • There is no modification and delay, it is  to keep in mind that it is a process-oriented activity whose bases of selection criteria is to make representation from poor, marginal and vulnerable groups. 

Activity 2. Linkages Developed

Establish Linkages Between Nepali Exporters And International Importers Including EU Countries:
Project is working towards advocating for marketing of exportable Nepalese products to the international market, including EU countries. CAI is going to identify potential importers of Nepali products to the EU market. This will lead to an active exchange and business connections among Nepali exporters and international importers, including EU countries, through the regular exchange of information, business delegation, and B2B (Business to Business) dealings. Project has also coordinated and worked closely with Trade and Export Promotions Centre (TEPC) of Government of Nepal (GoN) in identifying potential international markets and buyers to develop their inventory. The inventory are also available to international importers directly.
Reason for modification or delay: There was no modification and delay in this activity

Result-5: ODOP Cluster Campaign

"One District-One Product" Concept Sensitization Through Campaigns Enforced In Ten Districts In Five Regions

Activity 1:

Stakeholder Meetings in the districts

Conduct quarterly meetings of entrepreneurs, investors, farmers and technicians at the districts for addressing various production and trade related issues:
Altogether 10 quarterly stakeholder meetings have been conducted among entrepreneurs, investors, farmers and technicians at the regional level to address various productions and trade related issues. The meetings were facilitated and coordinated by SDC Managers in their respective regions. One central level key stakeholders meeting was arranged with the participation of policy makers from government, commodity associations and interest groups.
These regular meetings helped all stakeholders critically assess and raise export trade-related issues from the grassroots level and identify necessary actions for improvement. This will be further consolidated and strengthened the working relationships between different stakeholders to engage jointly on various issues concerning production and trade, and create a business-enabling environment at the local level. CNI, WVAF and CAI staffs have also participated in the meetings to ensure central and local level information which can be shared at a common platform in a two-way information sharing mechanism. Local level issues are highlighted and resolved at these meetings.  
Reason for modification or delay: Altogether 15 (3 in each SDC districts) stakeholders meeting were planned so far for first year but only 10 meetings could be conducted due to some managerial issues like non-availability of bank account for fund transfer and some political upheaval, and frequent closedown in some of the districts.

Activity 2. Dialogue With Key Stakeholders

Dialogues with key stakeholders (Government, FNCCI, CNI, FSMEN, FWEAN, small and medium sized producers, traders and business associations) for advocacy and lobbying:
Dialogues among key stakeholders (Government, FNCCI, CNI, FSME, FWEAN, small and medium sized producers, traders and business associations) created a favourable environment for effective advocacy, lobbying, and policy influence for the effective implementation of supportive actions and improvement of the export-enabling environment. One central level dialogues had been carried out during the project period. The meeting has  enhanced the information sharing mechanism among key stakeholders on key issues of export trading, identify areas of change needed in government policy, effective implementation of existing policies and strategies and clarify policy issues for addressing prevailing business and trade issues. The dialogues also supported the fostering of inclusive business and employment activities at local and national level. The issue of 'incentive mechanism' set by the government seemed very critical in terms of not benefiting by the lower rung of producer groups and in the trade front who are exporting the products are not been easily able to rebate the cash incentive of 2-5% of total value exported. The rebate procedure is lengthy and tiresome, so it rather discourages. There us outcry from traders to make it simple and increase the  percentage.
Reason for modification or delay: There was no modification and delay in this activity

Activity 3. Radio Programme

Radio programme to foster "One district-One product", rights for equitable access to the products and export potentiality/ market information of the product:
As per the project document, there is a provision to produce and broadcast 104 episodes within the project cycle resuming from first week of July 2013 until last week of July 2015. So in the second quarter of this year, WVAF staffs remained engaged mainly in the  preparatory activities such as exploring and visiting district based local FM stations and Kathmandu based national FM, coordinating and collecting quotations from FM stations, preparing agreement papers, developing promos and signature music for radio programme etc. 
In the third quarter, the major activity carried out by WVAF staffs included finalization of the job description for radio staffs, officially hiring of two full time radio staffs effective from August 2013, orientation to the radio staffs about the project and conducting weekly radio programme etc. It was finally from first week of August 2013, WVAF started producing weekly radio programme. The first episode was recorded on August 5, 2013 and aired on August 7, 2013 and till the reporting period WVAF has produced and broadcasted 21 weekly episodes. The weekly radio programme is produced and broadcasted from Kathmandu Ujyaalo 90 national network every Thursday from 7.30 to 8.00 pm and is hooked and relayed by five selected potential district based FM stations namely Ilam FM station- Eastern region, Lumbini FM station- Rupandehi, in Western region, Bheri FM station-Banke from Mid-West region, Radio Sudur Awaz- Dadeldhura, from Far-Western region. The radio programme is targeted to cover in all the ten project districts. Based on discussion in the partners meeting, WVAF also developed a two minute public service announcement comprising the function and location of five regional Service Development Centres(SDC)  located in respective local CNI chapters.
The radio programme covered production of identified products, market information, government policies, strategies, guidelines and actions, success cases, existing issues on export trading and inclusion issues in benefit sharing through income and employment generation at local. 
For effective implementation of the weekly radio programme, project has developed weekly Radio Programme Operation Guideline and time segments for each episode. The objective of this guideline and time segment preparation was to give clear direction to radio staffs for the effective implementation of the radio programme so as to ensure that the targeted masses are sensitized in one district-one product concept.
Reason for modification or delay: There was one month delay to start radio programme due to unavoidable circumstances while recruiting radio program staffs and some managerial issues